Effective Global Training -
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Worldwide Training and Presentation Quiz
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This 12-item interactive quiz samples Cornelius Grove's findings regarding worldwide patterns (a) in classroom interactions between an instructor and the learners (students), and (b) in business-presentation or training interactions between the presenter and the participants (audience members).
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Meaning of Key Terms Used in the Quiz

instruction or presentation -- Any formally organized information- or skill-transfer event overseen by an instructor in a classroom or presenter at a meeting.

instructor or presenter -- Any organizational trainer, facilitator, or presenter, college/university instructor, or elementary or secondary school teacher.

learner or listener -- Any trainee or attendee in an organizational setting, or student in a college, university, or elementary or secondary school.

knowledge-focused culture -- Dr. Grove's term for an information- or skill-transfer situation in which the knowledge or skills to be learned consistently receive the most attention.  Some would refer to this as "traditional."

learner-focused culture -- Dr. Grove's term for an information- or skill-transfer situation in which the learners or listeners consistently receive the most attention.  Some would refer to this as "progressive" or "modern."
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WORLDWIDE PRESENTATION QUIZ QUESTIONS


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A.  In knowledge-focused (or traditional) cultures, what is the one condition under which is it acceptable for a learner to publicly be told that he or she has failed to master a learning task?

  1. Immediately after the learning task is set, since mastery could not be expected then. click here

  2. During a portion of classroom time clearly set aside for public assessments of learners. click here

  3. Following an extended opportunity for the learner to privately master the task. click here
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B.  Americans who make business presentations abroad typically expect to deal with local counterparts informally, and to be dealt with informally in return.  Why can this undermine their objectives?

  1. In knowledge-focused cultures, a bearer of knowledge is worthy of deep respect, signaled by formality. click here

  2. A business visitor should deal with local counterparts formally but expect informal treatment from them. click here

  3. A visitor should give/receive formal treatment only during the actual presentation, not at any other time. click here
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C.  In learner-focused (or progressive) cultures, what fundamental assumption often is operative regarding the motivation of the learners to learn?

  1. Most learners are highly motivated to learn. click here

  2. Most learners are insufficiently motivated to learn. click here

  3. Motivation can only be assessed individual-by-individual. click here
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D.  What is the most common barrier to full understanding unwittingly erected by Americans when they make business presentations to counterparts in or from other nations?

  1. They fail to hand out hard copies of each and every one of their overhead slides. click here

  2. They anticipate that their listeners' comprehension of spoken English is better than it actually is. click here

  3. They allow the value of efficiency to drive their presentation, instead of the value of thoroughness. click here
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E.  In knowledge-focused cultures, what motive or intention generally underlies the tendency of instructors to be highly directive towards their learners?

  1. Desire to be supportive of the learners. click here

  2. Desire to maintain order in the classroom. click here

  3. Desire to demonstrate own status vis-à-vis the learners. click here
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F.  Learners accustomed to knowledge-focused cultures tend to not ask questions.  Which of the following is an often-successful way in which learner-focused presenters can motivate or encourage them to ask questions?

    1. Arrange for questions to be asked anonymously. click here

    2. Be clear that question-asking counts toward their class-participation grades. click here

    3. Call upon individual learners occasionally to pose a question. click here
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G.  In knowledge-focused cultures, what explanation is most typical for a learner's failure to perform learning tasks up to expectations?

  1. The learner is deficient in aptitude. click here

  2. The learner is deficient in persistence. click here

  3. There was a deficiency of some kind in the learning environment. click here
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H. In knowledge-focused cultures, what barrier to the learners' learning process occurs if a presenter responds "I don't know" to a question?

    1. The learner fails to obtain the information he or she sought. click here

    2. The learner is discouraged from asking questions in the future. click here

    3. The learners are likely to judge the instructor as unworthy to instruct. click here
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J. In learner-focused cultures, what is often the reaction to the methods and activities in daily use on the part of learners newly arrived from knowledge-focused cultures?

    1. The methods and activities are "not fun." click here

    2. The methods and activities are "not serious." click here

    3. The methods and activities are "not straightforward and clear." click here
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K.  Which of the following societal objectives is most closely associated with knowledge-focused cultures?

    Assuming that all learners should learn a certain minimum quantity of material (for example, through 6th grade),...

    1. Individuals should be selected for certain courses of learning based on the needs of the state. click here

    2. All learners should progress upwards as far as their personal desire can take them. click here

    3. Only the most outstandingly successful learners should progress to higher levels of learning. click here
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L. In learner-focused cultures, which of these is the least common type of learner evaluation procedure?

    1. Least common is learners' knowledge- and skill-acquisition tested on the basis of recognition. click here

    2. Least common is learners' knowledge- and skill-acquisition tested on the basis of recall. click here

    3. Least common is that the learners openly evaluate the performance of the instructor. click here
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M.  In learner-focused cultures, what assumption tends to be made about the manner in which learners will subsequently make use of that they have learned?

    In the future (measured in years and decades), learners will...

    1. Know how to recognize, rediscover, or recalculate what they need to know. click here

    2. Be able to draw upon knowledge already securely in their mental possession. click here

    3. Be able to relearn the material far more efficiently the second time. click here.
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To obtain specific information, or to inquire about engaging GROVEWELL's services, contact partner Dr. Cornelius Grove at +1-718-492-1896 or cornelius@grovewell.com.

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GROVEWELL, THE GENUINELY GLOBAL CONSULTANCY
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About Us -- Comprehensive Site Map -- All GROVEWELL Services -- Professional Knowledge Center -- Contact Us
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This is not the best answer for Question A.

Return to Question A, then select one of the other options.

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This is not the best answer for Question B.

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This is not the best answer for Question C.

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This is not the best answer for Question D.

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This is not the best answer for Question E.

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This is not the best answer for Question F.

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This is not the best answer for Question G.

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This is not the best answer for Question H.

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This is not the best answer for Question J.

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This is not the best answer for Question K.

Return to Question K, then select one of the other options.

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This is not the best answer for Question L.

Return to Question L, then select one of the other options.

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This is not the best answer for Question M.

Return to Question M, then select one of the other options.

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The best answer for Question A is

Following an extended opportunity for
the learner to privately master the task.

Assuring that learners have time to master learning tasks in private
(or, if they desire, with fellow learners) is critical for instructors who
are accustomed to working in a "learner-focused culture," and who are
now dealing with learners in or from a "knowledge-focused culture."

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us
understand why this is true and how to do it.

Continue on to Question B

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The best answer for Question B is

In knowledge-focused cultures, a bearer of knowledge
is worthy of deep respect, signalled by formality.

The U.S. is a "learner-focused culture," a feature of which is an
informal presenter-listener interaction style.  For people in a
"knowledge-focused culture" to interact informally with a knowledge-
bearer (instructor) is to imply that the knowledge he bears may be worthless!

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us understand
why this is true and how to do present effectively abroad.

Continue on to Question C

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The best answer for Question C is

Most learners are insufficiently motivated to learn.

This assumption is one of the central organizing principles of
learner-focused (progressive) classroom cultures.
Learners accustomed to knowledge-focused (traditional)
cultures quickly detect it, and many deeply resent it.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training
helps us understand what, therefore, to do.

Continue on to Question D

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The best answer for Question D is

They allow the value of efficiency to drive their
presentation, instead of the value of thoroughness.

Deeply affected by the value of efficiency, presentations by American
instructors emphasize bullet-pointed brevity while providing little
background, history, or theory.  This approach is contrary to the needs
and expectations of listeners in and from most other world regions.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training
helps us understand what, therefore, to do.

Continue on to Question E

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The best answer for Question E is

Desire to be supportive of the learners.

In knowledge-focused cultures, an instructor who is directive is perceived as
being supportive.  For instructors from a learner-focused culture (such as
that of the U.S.), this is one of the most difficult features of knowledge-focused
cultures to accept and act upon.  But the truth is that when learners accustomed
to a knowledge-focused culture who enter a learner-focused classroom, they
often feel, paradoxically, that the instructor is deliberately ignoring them.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us understand
what others value and how to leverage that for success.

Continue on to Question F

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The best answer for Question F is

Arrange for questions to be asked anonymously.

This is one of four innovative ways that can be used
by learner-focused (or progressive) instructors to
encourage questions from learners accustomed to
knowledge-focused (or traditional) classrooms.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us be aware of,
and know how to use, all question-encouraging options.

Continue on to Question G

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The best answer for Question G is

The learner is deficient in persistence.

This explanation is shared by instructors, learners, and
parents alike.  The value placed on persistence is a key
reason why many learners from knowledge-focused cultures
perform spectacularly well in learner-centered classrooms.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us grasp
the value-foundations of both classroom cultures.

Continue on to Question H

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The best answer for Question H is

The learners are likely to judge
the instructor as unworthy to instruct.

Instructors in knowledge-focused classroom cultures are
deemed worthy of deep respect because of their comprehensive
mastery of their subject specialty.  "I don't know" seriously
undermines the learners' faith in their instructor's competence.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us recognize
critical do's and dont's for both classroom cultures.

Continue on to Question J

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The best answer for Question J is

The methods and activities are "not serious."

This complaint reveals a key value that prevails in knowledge-
focused classroom cultures.  Ironically, instructors in
learner-focused cultures, by working hard to make learning
enjoyable, lose the respect of knowledge-focused learners!

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us see the
advantages and admirable values of both classroom cultures.

Continue on to Question K

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The best answer for Question K is

Only the most outstanding learners
should progress to higher levels of learning.

This societal objective is rejected in learner-focused cultures
as "elitist."  The difference in societal objectives helps to reveal
why instructors in knowledge-focused cultures use one set
of methods, while learner-focused instructors use another set.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us see the link
between societal values and day-to-day instructional choices.

Continue on to Question L

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The best answer for Question L is

Least common is learners' knowledge- and
skill-acquisition tested on the basis of recall.

In the U.S. and some other nations, there has been a gradual shift from
primarily evaluating learners on the basis of recall to primarily evaluating
them on the basis of recognition.  This shift mirrors another: the shift
from knowledge-focused classroom cultures (such as widely prevailed in
the U.S. up until the early 1900s) to learner-focused classroom cultures
due to the influence of the progressive movement in U.S. education.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training reveals the elements
of this historic shift, and their practical implications.

Continue on to Question M

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The best answer for Question M is

Know how to recognize, rediscover,
or recalculate what they need to know.

This is important in helping to explain why learner-focused
classroom cultures reject memorization.  A different assumption
about the future use of learning similarly helps to explain why
knowledge-focused classroom cultures do make use of memorization.

Dr. Grove's Toolkit coaching/training helps us see why
instructors in different cultures make predictable choices.
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This is the answer to the final quiz question.
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To return to the portal for the Worldclass set of webpages, click here
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-To obtain specific information, or to inquire about engaging GROVEWELL's services,
contact Dr. Cornelius Grove at +1-718-492-1896 or cornelius@grovewell.com.
-

GROVEWELL, THE GENUINELY GLOBAL CONSULTANCY
-
About Us -- Comprehensive Site Map -- All GROVEWELL Services -- Professional Knowledge Center -- Contact Us
-
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